Why is Women’s Day celebrated on 8th March? In the honor of International Women’s’ Day, we should broaden our perspective on gender equality related issues, with awareness being the first step. Keep in mind that Women’s Day is not just a day for congratulations, gifts, and flowers, but it should be a day of reflection and study!
One of the U.N sustainable development goals (SDGs) is gender equality. This concept is a key prerequisite for having a peaceful planet and it aims to provide a situation to fight against discrimination against women. Let’s discuss these in light of women’s day.
According to UN SDG 5,
“Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will fuel sustainable economies and benefit societies and humanity at large. Implementing new legal frameworks regarding female equality in the workplace and the eradication of harmful practices targeted at women is crucial to ending the gender-based discrimination prevalent in many countries around the world”.
Did you know…
According to the reports published by UN’s website,
“In 18 countries, husbands can legally prevent their wives from working; in 39 countries, daughters and sons do not have equal inheritance rights; and 49 countries lack laws protecting women from domestic violence.
One in five women and girls, including 19 per cent of women and girls aged 15 to 49, have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner within the last 12 months. Yet, 49 countries have no laws that specifically protect women from such violence.
While women have made important inroads into political office across the world, their representation in national parliaments at 23.7 percent is still far from parity.
In 46 countries, women now hold more than 30 percent of seats in national parliament in at least one chamber.
What are the legal instruments in support of this claim?
The right to equality of enjoyment of all rights between men and women is mentioned in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Most European countries and all EU member states have adopted gender equality laws following the ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). What is more, EU and UN have commenced an insightful initiative to eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls (VAWG). The initiative is considered to be in conformity with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
In the context of arbitration, ArbitralWomen is an international non-governmental organization and important hub for promoting women practitioners in dispute resolution. The Equal Representation in Arbitration (ERA) Pledge was launched in London. As Mirèze Philippe, the ArbitralWomen co-founder, stated in her article, “The Pledge is a call to the international dispute resolution community to commit to increase the number of female arbitrators on an equal opportunity basis.”
What can be made out of this?
To sum up, in order to properly ensure women’s rights, the relevant laws and policies should be amended considering the real life facts, economic, political and social frameworks of jurisdictions. Each law and policy should be considered in relation to the nation’s cultural framework to establish a correct and accurate legal basis. Basically, Gender Equality is having the same choices, opportunities, and values.
The 8th of March marks a call to action for women empowerment by breaking the barriers. Happy International Women’s day!