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QuestionJan 11, 2022 - 15:21

Property law in Netherlands

I had a water leak in my apartment (which is part of private housing association) from water deluged from above apartment. There has been 2 leak detection reports and plumber also providing service for leak detection. However, there was a another leak detection agency hired by buildings insurance company who claims that it is my boiler/flue pipe which goes from kitchen into the common chimney breast, all the way to the roof. The boiler manufacturer has also confirmed that as it is a closed system, it is impossible for the damage occurred can be cause by a leak in the pipe. The buildings insurance’s assessor and the engineer from third party do have not accreditation to carry out such investigation. The insurance company refuses to pay out to repair damage and with all the evidence, refuses to delete/nullify the report from their 3rd party. This is only one option and that is to go to court. It has been more than 2 years and I am tired and stressed out. Now I just want to go to court to have the report deleted. Please is there a lawyer in NL who can help me get this sorted asap?

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QuestionJan 10, 2022 - 13:45

Trademark registration

Can I use a brand name that exists in another country for my new company in my own country where it doesn't operate?

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QuestionDec 31, 2021 - 17:32

IP in Switzerland

Hi, at your disposal for any IP matter in Switzerland

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QuestionDec 29, 2021 - 13:32

Crypto currency in Dubai

UAE announces 5 year prison sentences to anyone promoting cryptocurrency scams. To all you Dubai based scammers promoting your own shitcoin tokens to your followers you better watch your back, when it comes to fraud Arabs don't mess about.

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What people are saying about LegaMart

Shahrzad S

Shahrzad S

Iran

I had to sell a property abroad and needed legal aid. LegaMart took care of all the legal matters. I dealt with a reliable customer care team along with a professional and experienced lawyer. I had a burden removed without even having to move!

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Aria

Aria

United Kingdom

Aria is an international student studying in the U.K. He’s been living in London post-graduation and has received the news of his father’s death. On the flip side, he’s inherited a heavy load of cash! He wants to know if he can bring it over to the U.K. It’s always easy with LegaMart, I just need to ask my question! Soon enough, specialized sanctions attorneys in London answer my question. “There’s always a solution when it comes to LegaMart!””

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Anna

Anna

Canada

Anna is a practicing family lawyer in Toronto. She works with an immigrant who is based in Canada but originally from Afghanistan. Her client is getting divorced and is struggling over a promised dowry (Mahr)back home. Anna is not familiar with the laws in Afghanistan and is about to surrender her case. Luckily, she decides to get help from “LegaMart - global legal community”, after joining LegaMart’s Community page, Anna swiftly networks with Kabul’s top and quickly resolves her legal burdens. “You can never go wrong by trusting LegaMart.”

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Bruce J

Bruce J

Chile

I ran across a trademark infringement issue abroad and had no clue of the steps that needed to be taken. Law firms overseas were extremely costly and lacked proper communication methods. Luckily, I found myself a professional lawyer in the needed jurisdiction all with the help of LegaMart. Less cost and better service, thanks!

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Recent blog posts

Best Place to Start Your Business: DUBAI

Best Place to Start Your Business: DUBAI

For businessmen all around the world, Dubai is a recognized trading hub and the ultimate option to set up their companies there. Liberalized economy, solid infrastructures, and access to a wide global market besides the tax-free policies are some of the reasons why Dubai could be the best place for you to start your business. Dubai itself, as one of the Emirates of the UAE, contains several free zones, all following similar structures for company registration with slight differences in details. The variety of these free zones allows you to choose the one that is more suitable for your business which depends on the type of your business, capital share, the need for a physical or virtual office, etc. By company formation in Dubai, obtain residency for yourself and your family and enjoy the opportunity of living and operating your business in one of the safest and most modern places in the world.Tax? Don’t Worry about It!In Dubai, as in all the other emirates, all companies registered in the mainland or companies formed in the FTZs all of them enjoy a tax-free haven. This is a great impetus for people looking to invest in Dubai. One of the prominent benefits of opening your business in Dubai is that you do not have to pay any taxes! and they offer total exemption from any kind of taxes, be it income, corporate or personal tax. Though, a few companies might have to pay a 5% VAT applicable on certain business activities.You Will Not Miss Your Family!If you are starting a business in Dubai, you can easily get employment and a residential visa. Once you have your visa, you can rent or lease a property, travel from one country to the other, or buy vehicles, plus you can take your family members with you too!Exceptional Government SupportThe Dubai government never fails to provide top-notch facilities, incentives, and safety to foreign investors. It keeps on amending the rules and regulations to conduct business in the city to ensure the quality, advancements, and increasing the business opportunities. Moreover, the government keeps organizing various international events and comes up with many initiatives for business expansions. The government offers an easy-to-follow, fixed set of rules and regulations in order to conduct business. All the entrepreneurs must adhere to these for smooth business setup and functioning further.Technological AdvancementsDubai is one of the Emirates with the most advanced digital facilities. It is on the way to a technologically powered future and to become the world’s digital hub. The city has taken so many tech initiatives when it comes to reducing traffic, providing world-class internet services, transforming healthcare services, eCommerce, etc. This promotes and increases opportunities to conduct business online in the country.Expo 2020 DubaiLegal SystemThere are continuous and ongoing revisions of existing investment rules, regulations, and incentive packages to promote foreign investment. Dubai was the first among the emirates to permit foreign ownership of property and stocks. UAE is also a member of international bodies, treaties, and conventions that safeguard intellectual property, including the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), World Trade Organization (WTO), Paris Convention, Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), WIPO Copyright Treaty, WIPO Performances, and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) and the Rome Convention.Although the ease and advantages above, there is no harm to consulting with our lawyers in Dubai.You may also like to read:Farsi Speaking Lawyers in the United Arab Emirates
Choose Turkey, If You're Looking For The Best Place To Ladder Your Business

Choose Turkey, If You're Looking For The Best Place To Ladder Your Business

For investors who seek to get second citizenship along with the formation of their company, Turkey is one of the options that need to be taken seriously. By acquiring a minimum of initial capital, you can establish your company in Turkey and enjoy its growing and diversified market since Turkey is a gateway between Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia.The foreigner-friendly regulations of Turkey let you freely register your company and operate, needless of having a local shareholder by your side. Besides getting a residency permit by company registration in Turkey, the Turkish citizenship by investment program grants you citizenship if you manage to employ 50 people. Whether wondering to build a business from scratch or expand your existing company’s presence in the market, Turkey is a rational choice for you.Foreign enterprises who want to open businesses in Turkey are required to complete a few steps before starting operating. These steps consist of:Choosing the type of the company they want to establish and have the incorporation documents drafted and notarized in accordance with the Companies Law;Open the corporate bank account and deposit the share capital required by the law;Appoint the company’s directors or managers, as prescribed by the legislation;Submit the incorporation documents and the details of the shareholders and managers with the Trade Register;Obtain the tax and VAT numbers, as well as registering for social security purposes with the tax office.LegaMart’s Turkish lawyers can assist with the process of opening a business here.Required Documents to Open a Company in TurkeyOne of the most important steps in opening a company in Turkey is the preparation of the documents needed to register the business with the Trade Registrar. The main set of documents that need to be drafted and notarized is the Articles of Association which need to contain all the details of the shareholders; their names, their places of residence, their contribution to the share capital of the company, and the number of shares they own in the business.The Articles of Association must also contain information about the managers of the company, including their name, the way in which they are appointed and can be revoked, and their duties and obligations.The same document must clearly state the Turkish company’s trade name, its address in this country, and a description of the object of activity. The Articles of Association can also contain other clauses, related to the amendments which can be brought to the company and dispute resolution methods if any problems appear between the shareholders.It is very important for the Articles of Association to be drafted in accordance with the provisions of the Commercial Code. If you are a foreign entrepreneur and want to open a company in this country, our law firm in Turkey can help you with the preparation of these documents.An important aspect that should be considered is that in the case of setting up a sole proprietorship, a simple application form needs to be filed with the Trade Register. In the case of partnerships in Turkey are known as commandite companies, the partnership deed stands at the base of their creation.Shareholders in a Company in TurkeyThe shareholders are the founders of the company, or better said the owners of the business. These can be natural persons or companies and have various rights, but also duties in the company. The minimum number of shareholders a Turkish company can have is one in both private and public companies. These can be Turkish citizens or residents; however, foreigners can also act as sole shareholders when opening a company in this country.One of the main responsibilities of the shareholders is to contribute to the share capital of the business. Based on their contributions, they will acquire more or fewer rights in the company. The greatest advantage of the shareholders is that their liability towards the company’s debts and other obligations will be limited to the amount of money they invested in the company in the case of limited liability companies. In the case of partnerships, the role of shareholders is completed by the partners or members.Company management in Turkey One of the most important roles in a Turkish company is taken on by the managers of the company. The shareholders are required to appoint at least one company director in the case of a private company. A board of managers must ensure the management of a public company in Turkey.The same type of company must have at least one auditor appointed. In the case of private companies, the auditor will be an independent one and will be called only when the financial documents of the business need to be audited. It should be noted that no matter the type of company, at least one of the shareholders must be a company director. The manager role can also be fulfilled by another company with the conditions that it appoints a natural person as a company representative.The Trade Name and Legal Address The first step for registering a business in Turkey is finding a suitable trade name for the business. The name must be unique and must not be offensive. In order to make the company name is unique, the applicant can file for validation 3 different names, out of which he or she will choose the appropriate one based on the company’s requirements. We remind investors that branch offices need to bear the same name as the parent company.Another important requirement for the company to be considered a Turkish resident business is for it to have a local address. The registered address must be in the city where the company will operate. For this purpose, we can help with virtual office services.Become a Turkey Citizen by Starting a Business in TurkeyNowadays, lots of people around the world, immigrate and become Turkish citizens, by opening a business in Turkey.According to Turkey’s policy, if you register your corporation in Turkey, second citizenship along with the formation of your company will be given.How Easy is it to Hire Personnel in Turkey?  If the newly founded company in Turkey is interested in hiring foreign personnel, the procedure can be performed only in the situation in which the foreign employees receive a working permit, issued by the Turkish authorities. There are two ways of obtaining work permits for foreign employees: with the Ministry of Labor and in the country of the resident of the foreign worker through the Turkish embassies or consulates. The necessary documents for the Turkish Consulate or Embassy are the following:  The passport of the applicant which must be in its validity period;A work visa application which will be handed to the applicant at the time;One recent passport-size photo; and one copy of the work contract – the future employer must send the copy;Letter of assignment, which confirms the appointment of the future employee.  In the situation in which a company hires a foreign employee, the Turkish employer must submit to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security an online application and the following documents:Work permit application letter;Foreign personnel application form;A balance sheet;The latest profit/loss statement. The online application must be submitted in a maximum of ten working days at the Turkish Consulate after the foreign employee has applied for the position. Foreign employees can be hired in Turkey under the regulation regarding the employment of foreign nationals within the Framework of Foreign Direct Investments. Foreign direct investment refers to companies set up in Turkey or to a branch of a foreign company; under law no.4875, a company set up in Turkey may hire foreign personnel as long as the foreign shareholders own a minimum of TRY 1,062,691 of the company’s capital. The residents must fill out an online application to the Ministry. The decision of granting the work permit is released in a maximum of one month.What Are The Main Points of Interest for Foreign Investors?The main points of interest for the foreign investors are represented by three major special investment zones:The free zones (20 zones specially designed to increase the number of export investments, with 100% exemption for custom duties, corporate income tax for the manufacturing enterprises, VAT, income tax on the personnel’s salary for companies which exports at least 85% of the goods produced here, the possibility to deposit goods free of charge unlimited and with the possibility to transfer the profits abroad and to Turkey); Organized industrial zones (276 zones with low costs on natural gas, water, telecommunication, no municipality tax on construction or on solid waste - the last one, if the zone doesn’t benefit from the municipality service, no VAT on land acquisition, exemption from the real estate duty for five years from the construction); Technology development zones (50 zones with major exemptions until 2024 on corporate and income taxes on the revenue coming from software development, VAT on software application sales, salaries of R&D personnel - but without exceeding 10% of the number of employees); At the moment, only 34 technology development zones are functioning, while the others are still under construction. Also, you should know that a highly developed industry in Turkey is hair transplantation. This business sector is highly competitive and attractive for investors, as there are many customers that are in need of these types of medical aesthetic services. How Much Does it Cost to Open a Company in Turkey?Opening a company in Turkey is not expensive, however, the business owner must consider the company registration fees, the notary fees, and the honorary of the Turkish law firm handling the procedure (if one is appointed).How Long Does it Take to Set-up a Business in Turkey?It takes about 3 weeks to set up a company in Turkey; the procedure takes longer in the case of a branch office. If you need further information on the procedures applied by the Turkish authorities at the incorporation of a company, please contact our team of lawyers in Turkey. We can help with personalized company registration services in Turkey.
To Access Your Business To An Untapped Market, Oman is Perfect

To Access Your Business To An Untapped Market, Oman is Perfect

For the traders doing business in the GCC region who need access to Europe and Africa, Oman recently has been an indisputable choice to go for. Access to Bab al-Mandab Strait, political stability, and steadily growing economy along with a high rank of GDP in the region, has made Oman a distinctive location in comparison with Dubai or Saudi Arabia to run your business. Oman’s three main free zones are governed under business-friendly rules which allow 100% ownership and tax-free policies on profits and dividends for 30 years. Oman’s government's support of foreign investment and trade and the positive overview of its ever-growing economy make it a forward-looking investment opportunity.The primary legislation governing companies in Oman is Commercial Companies Law. This law was enacted by Royal Decree Number 18 of 2019 and repeals in full the previous law on this subject. Article 4 of the Commercial Companies Law enacted by Royal Decree Number 18 of 2019 (“Companies Law”) states that Commercial companies shall take any of the following formsGeneral Partnership;Limited Partnership;Joint Venture(JV) ;Public/ Closed Joint Stock Company;Holding Company;Limited Liability Company(LLC); orSole Proprietorship.To access the African continent, you should register your business in Oman.You can also contact our lawyers in Oman.Strategic LocationOman’s geographic location is very much important in promoting business possibilities in the country. Geographically Sultanate of Oman locates at a strategic location, which is most favorable for business development. It has a travel time of fewer than two hours to major commercial hubs of Asia, Africa, and Europe. Based on this advantage Oman is planning to develop as a global logistics hub. The sultan’s long-term development strategy, Oman Vision 2020, emphasizes industrialization, privatization, and Omanisation. Logistics, tourism, and industrial manufacturing have been identified as potential future economic drivers.Strong EconomyOman is a country with a relatively stronger economy in the region. From the 1998 Oil price crisis, Oman started diversifying its economic base to different sectors. Vision 2020 is really targeting to decrease oil sector share to less than 10 percent of GDP. Vision 2040, at the same time, plans to attract large-scale foreign investment in the fields of tourism, infrastructure, technology, and manufacturing.Oman Business Forum (OBF)An initiative to collaborate with public and private sectors to unlock business ideas and growth opportunities in Oman. The prominent objectives of the firm are knowledge sharing, business opportunities, collaborative partnership, and value-added networking.Favorable Tax and Investment LawsOman offers favorable tax and investment laws which makes the ease of doing business better. In Oman, there is no personal income tax for business owners or employees. There are no foreign exchange restrictions or levies, and there is an exemption from corporate income tax on the first OMR30,000. Once established, a company typically has a flat rate of 15% corporate tax. Within free zones, there is a complete exemption from corporate taxes for up to 50 years.International AppealOman is part of various trade agreements which allow free trade and liberalized laws, including trade agreements of GCC, GAFTA, FTAs with the US and Singapore, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland.Political StabilityOman is the Arab country with the highest political stability. It is the first country that got independence in the region. The business environment in Oman is absolutely safe. No kind of political or social issue hinders the act of business. Moreover, only a flat rate of 15% of corporate tax is charged.InfrastructureOman has a world-class infrastructure that can compete with any of the countries in GCC and outside. Highly developed ports, airports, and large road networks make Oman a business-friendly nation.Vision 2040Oman's government is continuously making efforts for business development in the country. The government has started a single-window system through which companies can start working smoothly. Moreover, the Government offers incentives like tax exemptions, interest-free loans, free trade zones, and preference in the allocation of government land. As per vision 2040, the focus of Oman's economy will change from Oil to many other fields like tourism, technology, hotel, real estate, infrastructure, and production. For this, Government has a favorable policy for any kind of business initiative. Hence this is the most important factor that attracts business to the country.Oman 2040 TargetsThe Services We Can ProvideType Of Company to be incorporatedProfessional Fees in Euro (“EUR”)General Partnership2.295Limited Partnership2.295Joint Venture2.295Limited Liability Company2.295Sole Proprietorship2.295Holding Company which is a Limited Liability Company2.295Joint Stock Company either Public/ or closedCase to Case BasisYou can submit your request here.
UK, Best Place to Expand Your Business

UK, Best Place to Expand Your Business

Ease of ProcessIn a turbulent post-Brexit, post COVID economy, you might be having second thoughts about running a new business in the UK. Although uncertainty isn’t an excellent environment for a new business, it doesn’t mean not getting to know how business is there.The UK is one of the most accessible places to set up and run a business and one of the cheapest. The British government is focused on improving entrepreneurship. This means more funds are available for younger entrepreneurs who may not be able to self-fund their startups.Aside from being quickly set up and having a low rate of corporation tax, there are other reasons why the UK is still the best place to set up a company; Brexit or no Brexit!You Have Accesibilty to The Most Parts of EuropeThere are lots of countries in the region that still eagerly communicate whit the United Kingdom;The UK Government and the European Commission agreed to a Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA) enabling tariff-free passage of goods. New economic markets were created with their own regulatory conformity frameworks, which will have an impact on product conformity assessment, product marking, and market access.This means for market access to Great Britain (England, Wales & Scotland): The UK Government will continue to recognize the CE Mark for existing products placed onto the GB market until 1 January 2022, and any new products from 1 January 2021 require the new UK Conformity Assessed (UKCA) Mark issued by the UK Approved Body for goods placed on the market in Great Britain. The UKCA marking covers most goods that were previously subject to the CE marking. The UKCA mark cannot be used for goods placed on the EU or NI market.For market access to Europe (including Northern Ireland): The EU will continue to require products to be CE marked to gain entry for sale in mainland Europe, on the basis that the mark is issued by an EU-based Notified Body.For market access to Northern Ireland: If businesses are using a UK Body to conduct mandatory third-party conformity assessment, they will need to apply the UKNI marking from 1 January 2021. UKNI marking cannot be applied on its own - it always accompanies an EU conformity marking, such as the CE marking.UK's position in EuropeThere’s No Need For Your Presence to Complete The Application Process!While you are obliged to be present in order to complete and do your application tasks to start and register in other countries, feel free to stay in your headquarter where ever it is and register your business in the UK!So, there’s no need to travel to the United Kingdom to initiate your documents or notary any of your documents. You only have to be there to open a bank account.Don't Worry About Your Employees, You Will Have The Bests!The UK has always been one of the most popular countries for students all around the world. The education system and universities attract a wide array of talent who look for work in the UK after completing their degree. The high number of international students coming to British universities gives businesses a larger pool of talent to hire from.The government’s apprenticeship schemes are another way of finding the right person, especially if you’re on a startup budget.Besides all the advantages mentioned above, you might want to have a consultant with our lawyers in the UK, to ask more and run your business in this country as soon as possible, and also you may want to read:Indian and Pakistani Lawyers in the UKIranian Lawyers in the UK

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